Mazarin Bureau Louis XIV.
The Mazarin bureau is a desk originating in the mid-seventeenth century, named after Cardinal Mazarin, who was the minister of Louis XIV and successor of Richelieu. They were generally richly decorated and supported by eight legs joined with X or H crossbeams.
These bureaus were quite small, compared to the Bureau plat Luis XIV-XV
later. The space for the legs, was only for one knee, leaving the other outside, of
way that people sat somewhat to the side. This was because at that time, the
most of the nobility always carried the sword, the one that had to stay out of the
desk. Prior to this, the origin of these bureaus was based on a table covered with a
rich tapestry and with a writing desk on top. This bureau was designed as an exhibition piece more
which for royal use, was made for Maximilian Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria, who developed a
taste for French furniture when he went into exile in Paris in the 1700s. The author of the
original is unknown. One of the outstanding craftsmen was André Charles Boulle. He was the
Mazarin’s secretary, who recommended him to Louis XIV, as the most skilful craftsman,
becoming the most famous French marquetry cabinetmaker. Over the centuries, his
his name has been associated with the art he perfected, tortoiseshell and brass inlay on ebony,
this is known as the Boulle technique. Due to its small size, there was part of the
difficulty, I started it in 2020 and it was interrupted by other works, I dare not say the
number of months I was working with him, with silver ornaments, marquetry in
brass plate, inlaid in colored mother-of-pearl, blue, green…. ebony and acetate
of tortoiseshell (the authentic tortoiseshell is protected, and I have special respect for turtles). I know
you can see the coat of arms on the countertop, and a variety of small objects, figures,
birds, cupids and vases with flowers. The drawers are upholstered in red velvet in its
inside. The original is in the Getty Museum. Acquired in 1987, but its Gradín, a
cabinet with drawers placed above the desk. They split up in the mid-20th century.
But thanks to a prestigious gallery, Galería Kugel, in 2008 they were able to meet again.